eBEAM publications since the start of the project


N. Talebi, “A fast push to photon pairs“, Nat. Phys., vol. 18, pp. 11–12, 2022.

Y. Auad, C. Hamon, M. Tencé, H. Lourenço-Martins, V. Mkhitaryan, O. Stéphan, F. J. García de Abajo, L. H. G. Tizei, and M. Kociak, “Unveiling the Coupling of Single Metallic Nanoparticles to Whispering-Gallery Microcavities“, Nano Lett., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 319–327, 2022.

M. Taleb, F. Davoodi, F. K. Diekmann, K. Rossnagel, and N. Talebi, “Charting the Exciton–Polariton Landscape of WSe2 Thin Flakes by Cathodoluminescence Spectroscopy“, Adv. Photonics Res., vol. 3, no. 1, p. 2100124, 2022.

F. Chahshouri, M. Taleb, F. K Diekmann, K. Rossnagel,and N. Talebi, “Interaction of excitons with Cherenkov radiation in WSe2 beyond the non-recoil approximation“, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., vol. 55, p. 145101, 2022.


N. Bonnet, H. Yeon Lee, F. Shao, S. Y. Woo, J.-D. Blazit, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, A. Zobelli, O. Stéphan, M. Kociak, S. Gradečak, and L. H. G. Tizei, “Nanoscale Modification of WS2 Trion Emission by Its Local Electromagnetic Environment“, Nano Lett., vol. 21, no. 24, pp. 10178–10185, 2021.

F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Konečná , “Optical Modulation of Electron Beams in Free Space“, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 126, p. 123901, 2021.

X. Li, G. Haberfehlner, U. Hohenester, O. Stéphan, G. Kothleitner, and M. Kociak, “Three-dimensional vectorial imaging of surface phonon polaritons“, Science, vol. 371, no. 6536, pp. 1364-1367, 2021.

J.-W. Henke, A. S. Raja, A. Feist, G. Huang, G. Arend, Y. Yang, F. J. Kappert, R. Ning Wang, M. Möller, J. Pan, J. Liu, O. Kfir, C. Ropers, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Integrated photonics enables continuous-beam electron phase modulation“, Nature, vol. 600, pp. 653–658, 2021.

O. Kfir, V. Di Giulio, F. J. García de Abajo, and C. Ropers, “Optical coherence transfer mediated by free electrons“, Sci. Adv., vol. 7, no. 18, p. eabf6380, 2021.

V. Di Giulio, O. Kfir, C. Ropers, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modulation of Cathodoluminescence Emission by Interference with External Light“, ACS Nano, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 7290–7304, 2021.

S. Meuret, L. H. G. Tizei, F. Houdellier, S. Weber, Y. Auad, M. Tencé, H.-C. Chang, M. Kociak, and A. Arbouet, “Time-resolved cathodoluminescence in an ultrafast transmission electron microscope”, Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 119, p. 062106, 2021.

A. Konečná, J. Li, J. H. Edgar, F. J. García de Abajo, and J. A. Hachtel, “Revealing Nanoscale Confinement Effects on Hyperbolic Phonon Polaritons with an Electron Beam“, Small, vol. 17, no. 39, p. 2103404, 2021.

F. Davoodi, and N. Talebi, “Plasmon–Exciton Interactions in Nanometer-Thick Gold-WSe2 Multilayer Structures: Implications for Photodetectors, Sensors, and Light-Emitting Devices“, ACS Appl. Nano Mater., vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 6067–6074, 2021.

R. Yu, A. Konečná, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Inelastic Scattering of Electron Beams by Nonreciprocal Nanostructures“, Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 127, p. 157404, 2021.

P. H. Bittorf, F. Davoodi, M. Taleb, and N. Talebi, “Mapping optical Bloch modes of a plasmonic square lattice in real and reciprocal spaces using cathodoluminescence spectroscopy“, Opt. Express, vol. 29, no. 21, pp. 34328-34340, 2021.

V. Mkhitaryan, K. March, E. N. Tseng, X. Li, L. Scarabelli, L. M. Liz-Marzán, S.-Y. Chen, L. H. G. Tizei, O. Stéphan, J.-M. Song, M. Kociak, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Gloter, “Can Copper Nanostructures Sustain High-Quality Plasmons?”, Nano Lett., vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 2444–2452, 2021.

F. J. García de Abajo, and V. Di Giulio, “Optical Excitations with Electron Beams: Challenges and Opportunities“, ACS Photon., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 945–974, 2021.

H. Lourenço-Martins, D. Gérard, and M. Kociak, “Optical polarization analogue in free electron beams“, Nat. Phys., vol. 17, pp. 598–603, 2021.

A. Konečná, F. Iyikanat, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Theory of Atomic-Scale Vibrational Mapping and Isotope Identification with Electron Beams“, ACS Nano, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 9890–9899, 2021.

D. Jannis, C. Hofer, C. Gao, X. Xie, A. Béché, T.J. Pennycook, and J. Verbeeck, “Event driven 4D STEM acquisition with a Timepix3 detector: Microsecond dwell time and faster scans for high precision and low dose applications“, Ultramicroscopy, vol. 233, p. 113423, 2021.

D. Jannis, K. Müller-Caspary, A. Béché, and J. Verbeeck, “Coincidence Detection of EELS and EDX Spectral Events in the Electron Microscope“, Appl. Sci., vol. 11, no. 19, p. 9058, 2021.

K. W. Mauser, M. Solà-Garcia, M. Liebtrau, B. Damilano, P.-M. Coulon, S. Vézian, P. A. Shields, S. Meuret, and A. Polman, “Employing Cathodoluminescence for Nanothermometry and Thermal Transport Measurements in Semiconductor Nanowires,” ACS Nano, vol. 15, no. 7, 11385–11395, 2021.

M. Solà-Garcia, K. W. Mauser, M. Liebtrau, T. Coenen, S. Christiansen, S. Meuret, and A. Polman, “Photon Statistics of Incoherent Cathodoluminescence with Continuous and Pulsed Electron Beams,” ACS Photonics, vol. 8, no. 3, 916–925, 2021.

N. Talebi, “Quantum optics with swift electrons,” Light Sci. Appl., vol. 10, p. 90, 2021.

M. Liebtrau, M. Sivis, A. Feist, H. Lourenço-Martins, N. Pazos-Pérez, R. A. Alvarez-Puebla, F. J. García de Abajo, A. Polman, and C. Ropers, “Spontaneous and stimulated electron–photon interactions in nanoscale plasmonic near fields,” Light Sci. Appl., vol. 10, p. 82, 2021.

S. V. Yalunin, A. Feist, and C. Ropers, “Tailored high-contrast attosecond electron pulses for coherent excitation and scattering,” Phys. Rev. Research, vol. 3, p. L032036, 2021.

The eBEAM team has a long history of collaboration and has published the following joint papers before the start of the eBEAM program.

joint eBEAM team publications 2007-2021


R. Lingstädt, N. Talebi, S. Guo, W. Sigle, A. Campos, M. Kociak, M. Esmann, S. F. Becker, E. Okunishi, M. Mukai, C. Lienau, and P. A. van Aken, “Probing plasmonic excitation mechanisms and far-field radiation of single-crystalline gold tapers with electrons,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, vol. 378, no. 2186, p. 20190599, 2020.

N. Nielen, M. Hentschel, N. Schilder, H. Giessen, A. Polman and N. Talebi, “Electrons generate self-complementary broadband vortex light beams using chiral photon sieves,” Nano Lett., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 5975-5981, 2020.

L. H. G. Tizei, V. Mkhitaryan, H. Lourenço-Martins, L. Scarabelli, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. Tencé, J.-D. Blazit, X. Li, A. Gloter, A. Zobelli, F.-P. Schmidt, L. M. Liz-Marzán, F. J. García de Abajo, O. Stéphan and M. Kociak, “Tailored Nanoscale Plasmon-Enhanced Vibrational Electron Spectroscopy,” Nano Lett., vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 2973–2979, 2020.

A. Konečná, V. Di Giulio, V. Mkhitaryan, C. Ropers, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Nanoscale Nonlinear Spectroscopy with Electron Beams,” ACS Photonics, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1290–1296, 2020.

T. R. Harvey, J.-W. Henke, O. Kfir, H. Lourenço-Martins, A. Feist, F. J. García de Abajo and C. Ropers, “Probing Chirality with Inelastic Electron-Light Scattering,” Nano Lett., vol. 20, no. 6., pp. 4377-4383, 2020.

M. Solà-Garcia, S. Meuret, T. Coenen, and A. Polman, “Electron-Induced State Conversion in Diamond NV Centers Measured with Pump-Probe Cathodoluminescence Spectroscopy,” ACS Photonics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 232–240, 2020.


A. Polman, M. Kociak, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Electron-beam spectroscopy for nanophotonics,” Nat. Mater., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 1158–1171, 2019.

S. Meuret et al., “Complementary cathodoluminescence lifetime imaging configurations in a scanning electron microscope,” Ultramicroscopy, vol. 197, pp. 28–38, 2019.

T. Coenen and A. Polman, “Energy-Momentum Cathodoluminescence Imaging of Anisotropic Directionality in Elliptical Aluminum Plasmonic Bullseye Antennas,” ACS Photonics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 573–580, 2019.

J. Schefold et al., “Spatial Resolution of Coherent Cathodoluminescence Super-Resolution Microscopy,” ACS Photonics, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1067–1072, 2019.

N. Talebi et al., “Merging transformation optics with electron-driven photon sources,” Nat. Commun., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2019.

S. Guo, N. Talebi, A. Campos, M. Kociak, and P. A. Van Aken, “Radiation of Dynamic Toroidal Moments,” ACS Photonics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 467–474, 2019.

V. Di Giulio, M. Kociak, and F. J. G. de Abajo, “Probing quantum optical excitations with fast electrons,” Optica, vol. 6, no. 12, p. 1524, 2019.

S. Guo et al., “Far-Field Radiation of Three-Dimensional Plasmonic Gold Tapers near Apexes,” ACS Photonics, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 2509–2516, 2019.

P. Das et al., “Stimulated electron energy loss and gain in an electron microscope without a pulsed electron gun,” Ultramicroscopy, vol. 203, no. December 2018, pp. 44–51, 2019.


M. Sivis, N. Pazos-Perez, R. Yu, R. Alvarez-Puebla, F. J. García de Abajo, and C. Ropers, “Continuous-wave multiphoton photoemission from plasmonic nanostars,” Commun. Phys., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 3–8, 2018.

S. Meuret, T. Coenen, S. Y. Woo, Y. H. Ra, Z. Mi, and A. Polman, “Nanoscale Relative Emission Efficiency Mapping Using Cathodoluminescence g(2) Imaging,” Nano Lett., vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 2288–2293, 2018.


G. Guzzinati, A. Béché, H. Lourenço-Martins, J. Martin, M. Kociak, and J. Verbeeck, “Probing the symmetry of the potential of localized surface plasmon resonances with phase-shaped electron beams,” Nat. Commun., vol. 8, 14999 2017.

S. Meuret et al., “Photon bunching reveals single-electron cathodoluminescence excitation efficiency in InGaN quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 1–8, 2017.


T. Coenen, S. V. den Hoedt, and A. Polman, “A New Cathodoluminescence System for Nanoscale Optics, Materials Science, and Geology,” Micros. Today, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 12–19, 2016.

B. J. M. Brenny, A. Polman, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Femtosecond plasmon and photon wave packets excited by a high-energy electron on a metal or dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 94, no. 15, p. 15, 2016.


M. Mayer et al., “Controlled Living Nanowire Growth: Precise Control over the Morphology and Optical Properties of AgAuAg Bimetallic Nanowires,” Nano Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 5427–5437, 2015.

A. Losquin et al., “Unveiling nanometer scale extinction and scattering phenomena through combined electron energy loss spectroscopy and cathodoluminescence measurements,” Nano Lett., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1229–1237, 2015.


D. T. Schoen, T. Coenen, F. J. García De Abajo, M. L. Brongersma, and A. Polman, “The planar parabolic optical antenna,” Nano Lett., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 188–193, 2013.

Z. Fang et al., “Evolution of light-induced vapor generation at a liquid-immersed metallic nanoparticle,” Nano Lett., vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1736–1742, 2013.


B. Rodríguez-González et al., “Surface plasmon mapping of dumbbell-shaped gold nanorods: The effect of silver coating,” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 24, pp. 9063–9070, 2012.

V. Myroshnychenko et al., “Plasmon Spectroscopy and Imaging of Individual Gold Nanodecahedra: A Combined Optical Microscopy, Cathodoluminescence, and Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy Study,” Nano Lett., vol. 12, no. 8, 4172-4190, 2012.

M. Kociak and J. García De Abajo, “Nanoscale mapping of plasmons, photons, and excitons,” MRS Bull., vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 39–46, 2012.


S. Mazzucco et al., “Spatially resolved measurements of plasmonic eigenstates in complex-shaped, asymmetric nanoparticles: Gold nanostars,” EPJ Appl. Phys., vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 1–9, 2011.

X. Bendaña, A. Polman, and F. J. García De Abajo, “Single-photon generation by electron beams,” Nano Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 5099–5103, 2011.

J. H. Atwater et al., “Microphotonic parabolic light directors fabricated by two-photon lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 99, no. 15, pp. 1–4, 2011.


E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. G. De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Broadband Purcell enhancement in plasmonic ring cavities,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys., vol. 82, no. 16, pp. 1–6, 2010.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1537–1541, 2010.

G. Boudarham et al., “Spectral imaging of individual split-ring resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 105, no. 25, pp. 1–4, 2010.

F. J. Garcia De Abajo, A. Asenjo-Garcia, and M. Kociak, “Multiphoton absorption and emission by interaction of swift electrons with evanescent light fields,” Nano Lett., vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1859–1863, 2010.

J. Nelayah et al., “Two-dimensional quasistatic stationary short range surface plasmons in flat nanoprisms,” Nano Lett., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 902–907, 2010.


M. Kuttge et al., “Local density of states, spectrum, and far-field interference of surface plasmon polaritons probed by cathodoluminescence,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 79, no. 11, pp. 2–5, 2009.

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. G. De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface – Plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett., vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 3147–3150, 2009.

W. Cai, R. Sainidou, J. Xu, A. Polman, and F. J. G. De Abajo, “Efficient generation of propagating plasmons by electron beams,” Nano Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1176–1181, 2009.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “How grooves reflect and confine surface plasmon polaritons,” Opt. Express, vol. 17, no. 12, p. 10385, 2009.

M. Kuttge, W. Cai, F. J. García De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Dispersion of metal-insulator-metal plasmon polaritons probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B – Condens. Matter Mater. Phys., vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 3–6, 2009.

L. Rodríguez-Lorenzo et al., “Zeptomol detection through controlled ultrasensitive surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 131, no. 13, pp. 4616–4618, 2009.


F. J. García de Abajo and M. Kociak, “Electron energy-gain spectroscopy,” New J. Phys., vol. 10, no. 7, p. 073035, 2008

E. J. R. Vesseur, R. De Waele, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, F. J. García De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Surface plasmon polariton modes in a single-crystal Au nanoresonator fabricated using focused-ion-beam milling,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 92, no. 8, pp. 14–16, 2008.

S. Bidault, F. J. García De Abajo, and A. Polman, “Plasmon-based nanolenses assembled on a well-defined DNA template,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 130, no. 9, pp. 2750–2751, 2008.


C. E. Hofmann et al., “Plasmonic modes of annular nanoresonators imaged by spectrally resolved cathodoluminescence,” Nano Lett., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 3612–3617, 2007.

J. Nelayah et al., “Mapping surface plasmons on a single metallic nanoparticle,” Nat. Phys., vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 348–353, 2007.